Kitchen lighting system 

Light is one of the main factors of life, and without light, there is no life. The kitchen is the heart of the house, and without a kitchen, there is no home. Light plays a significant role in an interior design, which improves the functional & aesthetical value of a space. Hence lighting is an essential factor to consider when designing a kitchen since the kitchen is the most functioning space in the house.

Kitchen lighting

When planning the kitchen lighting system, some significant factors need to be considered, such as the type of light fittings, the color temperature of the light, function or the usage of the light, the location of the light, power consumption & maintenance. And also, we need to understand the level of ambient light or the natural lights we are getting for the kitchen space. Otherwise, it may waste of both time and money.
Here we discuss everything in general terms, and later all these will be discussed in detail in our future articles.
Selecting a light fitting is one of the significant considerations we need to take while doing the lighting design. LED is the most trending & economic these days. We have to identify the purpose of the light first. This purpose can be,

1. General Light

2. Functional or Task light

3. Decorative light

1. General Light

Ceiling lights
General light can be the ceiling lights, which will light up the total kitchen space. Currently, many LED
lights can be ceiling mounted or wall mounted. Ceiling mounted can be two types. Recessed or surface mount. It depends on the structural possibilities. Also, the track lights and some pendant lights even there in the market, which we can use as general lights.

2. Functional or Task light

Functional or Task lights are the lights we use for a particular purpose. These can be,

Functional light

2.1 Lights under the wall cabinets

2.2 Lights inside the cabinets

2.3 Pendant Lights

2.1 Lights under the wall cabinets

lighting under the wall cabinets
This lights up the working area between the worktop & wall cabinets. This is an essential space that needs to have lights. For this, we can use LED eyeball lights (recessed or surface mount), LED strip lights (with or without diffuser). There are many light fittings available in the market now. Some have sensors or switches, and we can select as per our requirement. We can consider these lights as both functional and decorative since this uplift the aesthetic value of the kitchen. According to the type of fixture, it can be installed in the front edge, middle of the cardboard & the rear side of the cabinet, which will give different light effects.

2.2 Lights inside the cabinets

Lights inside the cabinet
We can use lights inside any of the cabinets according to our requirements. These lights need to be sensor type, so when the door opens, the interior gets light up. This depends on the kind of cabinet also. Mainly we need this light for a corner cabinet since it's covered half of it and dark inside. So we can have s sensor type strip light which is available in the market in various sizes. For tall cabinets, we can use these strip lights vertically.

2.3 Pendant Lights

Pendant Lights

Pendant lights are mainly used for breakfast counters, dining tables, or kitchen islands. They act as both functional & decorative views. When choosing a pendant light, it needs to consider the following facts.
    o   Size of the fixture
    o   Model or the design (modern, classic, vintage, etc.)
    o   The color temperature of the light
    o   Maintenance

3. Decorative lights

Decorative lights

Decorative lights will always add a unique character to a kitchen. These lights need to be position accurately, and we have to be careful while selecting the colors and types of fixtures. Otherwise, it can make the space too dull or too much lighting. In a kitchen, we can use lights for decorative purposes as follows.

3.1 Lights inside the cabinets

Lights inside the cabinets
This is mainly used for the glass door cabinets. These lights don't need to be sensor type since the purpose is to show the items. So it can be always on and control by a switch outside. We can use LED spotlights or LED strip lights according to the effect you wanted to have. Later will discuss the types of lights and the way these lights can be position and the lighting effect it will deliver.


3.2 Lights under the wall cabinets & wall shelves

Lights under the wall cabinets
This we already have discussed earlier. Wall shelves can be open type cabinet units or individual shelves to keep the ornaments and books. Same as the wall cabinets, we can use spotlights or strip lights for shelves also.

3.3 Pendent lights

This, too, we discussed under functional lights.

3.4 Lights on top of the wall / tall cabinets

Lights on top of the wall cabinets
There will always be a gap between the ceiling and the top level of kitchen cabinets. This we keep for the ventilation purpose and also to maintain the installation work without having any issues. (Will discuss these in future articles). So we can use this space to add a character to the kitchen by adding a LED strip that will wash the wall upwards. Colour temperature need to be considered.

3.5 Lights for the plinth/skirting

Lights for the plinth/skirting
This is another space where we can use a LED light strip to create a floating effect for the kitchen. Mainly this can be added to kitchen island units. Additionally, we can use a dimmer and motion sensor to the same so that it will act as a pathfinder at night.

3.6 Lights under worktop

Lights under worktop
This can be used for where the breakfast counter comes or all around the front edge of the worktop. By fixing a LED strip under the worktop, it will create a whole different atmosphere. But need to be careful with the safety, practical & structural details.

3.7 Decorative ceiling lights

Decorative ceiling lights
Some houses there are suspended & niche ceilings that come for all the main areas of the house. If there is any of this type of ceiling in the kitchen space, we have to do the lighting matching the kitchen design and have to maintain the level of lights to highlight the kitchen.

As we discussed above, you have a good idea to provide lights for suitable locations. But you should care for do not mess-up your kitchen with unnecessary lights. It is more appropriate to take expert advice to design the most functioning space in your house.

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